ICAO Annex 14 requires an international airport to certify its airside for safety purposes. Therefore, ICAO has published standards and recommended practices, which form the basis for the certification of aerodromes by the national civil aviation authorities.
However, especially for long-established airports, these ICAO recommended practices cannot always be fully met, because total compliance is either physically impossible or economically not acceptable. This may include terrain or objects penetrating the obstacle surfaces or a lack of procedures. Thus, non-conformities are likely in practice.
Aeronautical studies are conducted to identify alternative means in order to achieve an equivalent level of safety. These studies assess the impact of deviations from the aerodrome standards and the national regulations and present effective alternatives to compensate for the deviation and to still ensure highest safety standards. Due to the complexity of issue, aerodrome and flight operational expertise is needed as well as the provision of adequate software tools.
Applying a systematic and well documented approach as well as proven procedures and data sources, Airport Research Center is able to provide a comprehensive hazard identification, followed by a detailed analysis of causal factors including severity and likelihood. Based on this gap analysis, effective mitigation measures can be elaborated in a convincing report.
Airport Research Center has extensive experience in conducting aeronautical studies, including but not limited to:
- Assessment of the obstacle situation
- Design of airside facilities (runways, taxiways, apron) according to international standards as ICAO
- Compatibility control of different aircraft types
- Assessment of visibility (e.g. from tower)
- Detail planning of taxiway curves / shoulders
- Orientation of runway according to wind data
- Calculation of tow curves
In order to meet all requirements of airport planners, ARC has developed different CAD based airport tools, which on the one hand save a great deal of time whilst planning an airport and on the other hand provide impressing visualization for all involved stakeholders. The presented showcase projects focus on:
- Tower position optimization
- Obstacle surface planning
- Runway direction optimization
But airport safety is not limited to its airside; also the airport terminal needs to be considered. There is a range of possible risks which might exist in a passenger terminal. In order to identify and consequently mitigate those, Airport Research Center provides terminal audits and applies latest tools to offer airports a future proof approach to manage terminal safety.